Making Accra the Cleanliness City, the Role of Business and the People - Ato Kwamina

The city of Accra has become undoubtedly a convincing place for living and doing business. The number of businesses located in the city has boast of Banks, Offices, Restaurants, Clubs, and other places of entertainment. Undoubtedly, this is important deal to the night and day economy while having negative impacts on the environment. The growth of every business in the city are sine que non to the growth of the economy. Litter, apart from being aesthetically unappealing, has direct financial, environmental and health consequences, to individuals, organisations, and societies alike. The number of outlet selling food ‘on the go’ is increasing and with it, the level of food and drink litter. I believe every business in the city has a duty of care to ensure that the area around their businesses is maintain to an acceptable standard of cleanliness. Waste generated by individuals and businesses must be manage responsibly from the moment that waste is produced to when it is passed to a license waste carrier to handle and transport it, this is a duty of care to the city of Accra. Recently, countries have been shifting from assessing the prosperity of their Nations in financial terms only to incorporating measures of national well-being on which litter has a negative impact as well as Social isolation and lack of participation in community life have had a negative impact on mental health and wellbeing. Alternatively, there is a general acceptance that the major factors that influence mental health include having access to a social network, engaging in a variety of social and physical activities and a valued social position. Thus, development of organisations and activities, which encourage participation and inclusion, is vital to the development and maintenance of mental health and wellbeing at an individual and community level. From Singapore, Sweden to Rewanda we know a country thrive onto a more sustainable and acceptable way of keeping and cultivating a healthy environment when her citizens realize sanitation is not a man’s burden, but attitudinal and more of a societal problem. Singapore has enjoyed its reputation as a clean and green city for the last few decades. After independence, the government recognized the importance of cultivating a healthy environment to improve the quality of life of its people. The first nationwide public education programme to “Keep Singapore Clean” was launched in 1968, with the aim of making Singapore the cleanest and greenest city in the region. The “Keep Singapore Clean” campaign subsequently became an annual event and has since evolved into a series of events under the “Clean and Green Singapore” movement today. Different cleaning-related themes are emphasized each year to reflect the priorities of the time—from tree planting to clean air and water, from dengue prevention to a litter-free environment, from recycling to waste management and resource conservation. Nana Addo Danquah Akufu-Addo has roll out his administration intent to make Accra the cleanness city in Africa, which many would agree, is not just a political talk, but need the moral support and contribution of the people in the country to achieve this unprecedented goal. We can, yes we can if we all realizes our contributions towards this achievement, that after all it will not take the president to tell us to keep our environment clean each time we engage ourselves in activities that litter the environment. It is our duty to protect the environment and by cleaning it, we cultivate a healthy living environment. We have made much progress over the years, but as Ghana’s population grows amid changing demographics, our framework and approaches needs to evolve in order to address concerns of any decline in cleanliness standards. Cleaning service need to be enhanced and uplifted alongside stiffer penalties for those who pollute the serenity of the environment, as well as increased enforcement efforts. At the same time, social norms have to be reinforce to encourage public ownership of a clean environment, as well as to inspire ground up movements that exert social influence. Key areas that are critical in curbing this Pejorative and Menacing National ISSUE BUS AND TRAIN STATION Train and bus operators have a statutory duty to clean any litter on their sites. These busy locations tend to have varying levels of litter throughout the day, which require frequent monitoring by city officials. The number of waste generate by people in the transport sector every day is unbelievable for us to sit unconcern. People whether travelling or going to work must act responsibly towards the environment they live in. We take cubs every day and usually buy pure water, funmilk, meat pie and other eatable item on our journey to our works and other various occupations but we often time forget to properly dump the aftermath waste that are generated as result of buying and eating these items. It is good to buy and eat, but what we must also do incessantly is for us to remember that when we buy, we must not be throwing things on the environment haphazardly. The practice where things are thrown on our street has increasingly become unacceptable while some general consumers also morally sees nothing wrong with this antisocial behaviour. Aesthetically, folks must correct these practices by majority of the people by educating them on the needs to keep a healthy environment. FOOD “ON THE GO” BUSINESSThe number of outlets selling food on the go is increasing and with it, the level of litter on the environment. Sellers must educate their takeaway customers to do their bit by taking lunchtime litter back to their offices or properly insuring disposing off it. Alternatively, product packaging can be review and sellers selling fried yam, Koliko, Banana, and other food “on the go” must deliver their duty of care not just to their customers but must also be geared morally towards our environment. Cleaning a Nation: Cultivating a Healthy Living Environment details the cleaning journey that Singapore has undertaken since the 1960s to cultivate a healthy living environment for her people. It takes an interesting standpoint that the lack of cleanliness is a “people-oriented problem,” and that people-centric solutions should be apply to tackle it. Accra can succeed on this quest of keeping Accra the cleanness city, if we can meticulously manage these two areas (Food “on the go”, Bus and Train stations) well.